A Change of Guard

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Thursday, 8 October 2015

រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ក្រសួង​អប់រំ​ប្រតិកម្ម​តប​នឹង​ការ​រិះគន់​របស់​លោក សម រង្ស៊ី

រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ក្រសួង​អប់រំ​ប្រតិកម្ម​តប​នឹង​ការ​រិះគន់​របស់​លោក សម រង្ស៊ី
ដោយ ប្រាជ្ញ ចេវ
2015-10-07 rfa
រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ក្រសួង​អប់រំ​យុវជន និង​កីឡា លោក ហង់ ជួនណារ៉ុន ផ្ដល់​បទសម្ភាសន៍​ដល់​អ្នក​សារព័ត៌មាន នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​៧ ខែ​តុលា ក្រោយ​បញ្ចប់​ពិធី​ទិវា​គ្រូបង្រៀន​ឆ្នាំ​២០១៥ នា​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ។
RFA/Brach Chev

រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ ក្រសួង​អប់រំ ច្រានចោល​ការ​រិះគន់​របស់​លោក សម រង្ស៊ី ថា ប្រព័ន្ធ​អប់រំ​នៅ​កម្ពុជា ខ្សោយ​នោះ មិន​ចំណេញ​ដល់​វិស័យ​អប់រំ​ទេ។ មន្ត្រី ​ជាន់​ខ្ពស់​នៃ​គណបក្ស​នេះ លើក​ឡើង​ថា លោក​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​គួរ​យក​ប្រសាសន៍​របស់​លោក សម រង្ស៊ី ទៅ​ពិចារណា ជា​ជាង​ការ​ឆ្លើយ​តប​ទាំង​កំហឹង​បែប​នេះ។

រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ក្រសួង​អប់រំ ហៅ​ការ​រិះគន់​របស់​គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ ជា​ការ​រិះគន់​ដើម្បី​វាយ​ប្រហារ មិន​មែន​ដើម្បី​កែ​លម្អ​​នោះ​ទេ។

ថ្លែង ​ក្រោយ​បិទ​បញ្ចប់​ទិវា​គ្រូបង្រៀន នៅ​វិទ្យាស្ថាន​បច្ចេកវិទ្យា​កម្ពុជា ហៅ​សាលា​តិចណូ នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​៧ ខែ​តុលា រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ក្រសួង​អប់រំ​យុវជន និង​កីឡា លោក ហង់ ជួនណារ៉ុន និយាយ​ថា លោក សម រង្ស៊ី មិន​ឲ្យ​តម្លៃ​ការ​អប់រំ​នៅ​កម្ពុជា ព្រោះ​គ្រួសារ​របស់​លោក សម រង្ស៊ី និង​លោក សម រង្ស៊ី មិន​ដែល​រៀន​នៅ​កម្ពុជា ទេ។ លោក​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ថែម​ទាំង​បង្ហាញ​ការ​សង្ស័យ​ថា លោក សម រង្ស៊ី ចេះ​ភាសា​ខ្មែរ​មិន​ច្បាស់ ដោយ​លើក​ឡើង​ថា មាន​គ្រូ​ខ្លះ​បបួល​លោក សម រង្ស៊ី ប្រឡង​ភាសា​ខ្មែរ៖ «អ្វី​ដែល​ឯកឧត្តម សម រង្ស៊ី ថ្លែង​វាយ​ប្រហារ​ប្រព័ន្ធ​អប់រំ​នៅ​កម្ពុជា ហ្នឹង គឺ​ថា​ការ​វាយ​ប្រហារ​នោះ​គ្មាន​ន័យ ក៏​ដូច​គ្មាន​សារសំខាន់​អី​ទេ ដោយ​ហេតុ​អ្នក​នយោបាយ​បាន​តែ​ថា មិន​បាន​ធ្វើ មិន​ដែល​ឃើញ​ឯកឧត្តម សម រង្ស៊ី កៀរគរ​រក​ថវិកា​កសាង​សាលា​បាន​មួយ​ខ្នង។ ចំណុច​ទី​២ គាត់​មិន​ឲ្យ​តម្លៃ​ការ​អប់រំ​នៅ​កម្ពុជា ដោយសារ​តែ​គាត់ និង​គ្រួសារ​គាត់​មិន​ដែល​រៀន​នៅ​កម្ពុជា ទេ ហើយ​ក៏​មិន​ច្បាស់​ថា​គាត់ (លោក សម រង្ស៊ី) សរសេរ​ខ្មែរ​ច្បាស់​ល្អ​ដែរ»។

Rainsy in Prey Veng

០៧ តុលា ២០១៥ / 07 October 2015"ខ្ញុំសូមថ្លែងអំណរគុណដល់បងប្អូនជនរួមជាតិ បងប្អូនខ្មែរស្នេហាជាតិ អ្នកស្រលាញ់ទឹកដី អាណិតប្...
Posted by Sam Rainsy on Tuesday, 6 October 2015

Montagnards: Victims and Microcosm of Vietnam’s Expansion and Imperialism [repost]

Montagnard Children near Tuan Giao. Northwest Vietnam

Ethnic Khmers of Kampuchea Krom [Southern Vietnam] have fought hard to retain their distinct entity as a people despite being robbed of lands, socio-economic status and national self-determination. Even their historical roots and history have been subjected to systematic reinterpretation and re-invention by Vietnamese authorities to deny them their claim to being the indigenous inhabitants of this part of former Cambodian territory. The stirrings of Khmer Krom nationalism, a consequence in part of centuries of discrimination and persecution at the hands of the Vietnamese states of various ideological persuasions and eras, are one sub-plot in Hanoi's determination to keep Cambodia within its economic and political sphere of influence and hegemony - School of Vice

 Montagnards: Victims and Microcosm of Vietnam’s Expansion and Imperialism

Saturday, December 18, 2010
Op-Ed by MP

THE major donor countries - particularly, the US, Japan, Australia and other EU countries should not ignore the plight of refugees known as ‘Montagnards’, currently, the subject of repatriation to Vietnam by the Phnom Penh government . On humanitarian grounds, at least, this group, drawn from one of Vietnam’s politically persecuted ethnic minorities should be allowed to remain in Cambodia or to claim asylum in any other third countries of their own choosing, in accordance with international conventions on refugees. No human being would consider the prospect of living in exile, away from their native habitat as an easy choice to make, especially if your state and government put a premium upon your head or discriminate against you as a people and an entity, such as the Khmer Krom people or the Montagnards. The Vietnamese regime had angered their Chinese counterpart in the 1970s and 1980s by discriminating against ethnic Chinese residents in Vietnam - a practice they extended to Cambodia through their client regime of the PRK - prompting waves of exodus of the 'boat people' of Chinese descend out of Vietnam, particularly, from former South Vietnam, and this had been one of the factors behind Beijing's determination to 'teach Hanoi a lesson' in 1979.

For all its tireless propaganda effort, the Vietnamese state has yet to respect the rights and integrity of indigenous populations living within their ever expanding territories. In the wake of the overthrow of the Pol Pot regime, the centuries-long repressed people of Kampuchea Krom had a chance to escape this repression by simply crossing over the western border into Cambodia. Economic poverty was a major contributing factor for this movement, but the Khmer Krom people have had their farms and livelihoods imperceptibly but ineluctably seized from their ownership or control from the moment Vietnamese authorities extended their official administrative presence across this region of former Cambodian territories, clearing the way for ethnic Vietnamese farmers to assume permanent control over the villages and farmlands; a historical trend that has been perpetuated and replicated to this day to the grief and misery of the Montagnards and - since the early 1990s or perhaps earlier - the Khmer farmers along the eastern frontiers.

Hope for ‘bomb threat’ student

Hope for ‘bomb threat’ student
Wed, 7 October 2015
Chhay Channyda
University student Tao Savoeun poses for a photo at a local police station in Siem Reap province last month. Photo supplied

Interior Minister Sar Kheng is seeking the legal means to engineer the acquittal of a student who threatened in a Facebook post to bomb a graduation ceremony he was scheduled to attend.

The student, Tao Savoeun, wrote a letter to the minister on Monday, apologising and pleading for mercy. Sar Kheng read the letter yesterday, said ministry spokesman Khieu Sopheak, and the minister is considering ways the student might be granted clemency.

“Samdech [Sar Kheng] read the letter and he is considering this case, because he has not filed the complaint against the student,” Sopheak said yesterday. “He has not accused the student. We are finding a legal procedural way [to help him].”

Tao Savoeun, 26, was arrested on September 28, shortly after getting his bachelor’s degree in business management from the University of Southeast Asia in Siem Reap.

Angry with the minister because of changes to the graduation ceremony date, which interfered with his work schedule, Savoeun posted that he would “place a bomb to kill everyone” at the graduation on his Facebook account.

New TB screening approach yields good result

New TB screening approach yields good result
Wed, 7 October 2015
Jamie Elliott
A patient and a family member sit on a bed at the National Centre for Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control in Chamkarmon district, Phnom Penh, in 2013. Heng Chivoan

Research into a new approach to tuberculosis screening has yielded promising results after a trial run amongst Phnom Penh’s urban poor, according to a new paper released on Friday.

The method – called the “active case finding strategy” – involves health workers visiting people in their homes and collecting samples of mucus and saliva to test for cases of TB preemptively.

“We were able to detect TB cases among the urban poor, who have far less access to health care,” said the author of the research, PhD student Natalie Lorent of the Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp.

“Untreated patients may die of the disease but they may also infect others around them. It is therefore important to find and treat new cases as soon as possible.”

TB is a leading cause of death in Cambodia, and according to the World Health Organization 2014 global tuberculosis report, almost 40,000 cases of TB were identified in the Kingdom in 2013, the most recent year for which WHO figures are available.

Preemptive screening and early diagnosis is especially important because, as Lorent notes in her report, as many as a third of all TB cases worldwide go undiagnosed.

Cadre denies targeting Cham

Cadre denies targeting Cham
Wed, 7 October 2015
Alessandro Marazzi Sassoon
Ban Seak (left) testifies before the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia during Case 002/02 against Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan yesterday in Phnom Penh. ECCC


School of Vice: In reality the KR regime 'targeted' everyone, including their own cadres and Pol Pot's former colleagues.


Under cross-examination by the defence, former district cadre Ban Seak told the Khmer Rouge tribunal yesterday that he had no knowledge of any targeted persecution of the Cham ethnic minority, whose alleged genocide at the hands of the Pol Pot regime is currently being examined.

Asked by Nuon Chea defender Victor Koppe about whether he was aware of any Cham rebellions in the area surrounding Kroch Chhmar district in Kampong Cham province, Seak said, “I did not know about any rebellion before my arrival.”

Seak testified to only know of a rebellion in 1978, but “it was not initiated by the Cham people”, he said.

He also insisted, repeating testimony he gave the day before, that purges had nothing to do with race.

“The upper echelons never gave any instructions that the Khmer or Cham should be purged,” only that “CIA or KGB agents should be eliminated”, Seak said.

Even for his own relatives, if people “did not have a clean biography they were smashed”, he continued. According to Seak these guidelines motivated the purge of North Zone cadres as well as “a rebellion hatched by [Democratic Kampuchea secretary of commerce] Koy Thuon to overthrow Pol Pot”.

Wildlife smuggler arrested

Wildlife smuggler arrested
Wed, 7 October 2015
Sen David and Alice Cuddy
A customs official inspects elephant tusks at Siem Reap airport on Sunday, after they were found in a Vietnamese man’s luggage when he arrived in the Kingdom. Photo supplied

A Vietnamese national was charged yesterday with smuggling elephant tusks and parts into Cambodia in what wildlife advocates have dubbed a landmark case.

Ream Chan Mony, a deputy prosecutor at Siem Reap Provincial Court, said 43-year-old Vu Le Thuy was charged with “smuggling illegal wildlife and smuggling illegal goods” before being sent to the provincial prison to await trial.

“We charged him on two counts after he smuggled wildlife bones illegally [into Cambodia] and was arrested at Siem Reap airport.”

Le Thuy arrived in Siem Reap on a flight from Angola on Sunday evening.

Eleven elephant tails and 46.1 kilograms of ivory were seized from his suitcase, according to Suwanna Gauntlett, founder and CEO of the Wildlife Alliance, whose Wildlife Rapid Rescue Team (WRRT) were called by customs officers to assist in the bust. Claws and a jaw belonging to an unidentified big cat were also seized.

Suwanna said the WRRT was cooperating with local officials to find the buyers, whom they believe to live locally.

Montagnards in Central Highlands of Vietnam - 'Racial Discrimination' or Silent Genocide?

Montagnard woman during the Vietnam War [quanonline]

  • Most Vietnamese refugees coming to the US belong to the Montagnard ethnic group, which lived in the forested, central highlands in relative isolation until the Vietnam War.
  • The Montagnards have a history of tension with the mainstream Vietnamese. There have been conflicts between the two groups over many issues, including land ownership, language and cultural preservation, access to education and resources, and political representation.
  • In 1958, the Montagnards launched a movement known as BAJARAKA (the name is made up of the first letters of prominent tribes) to unite the tribes against the Vietnamese. There was a related, well-organized political and (occasionally) military force within the Montagnard communities known by the French acronym, FULRO, or Forces United for the Liberation of Races Oppressed. FULRO’s objectives included freedom, autonomy, land ownership, and a separate highland nation.
  • During the Vietnam War, the Montagnards had contact with US Forces, as the highland area was very strategic. Many fought alongside American soldiers and became a major part of the U.S. military effort in the Highlands. Montagnard bravery and loyalty earned them the respect and friendship of the U.S. military forces as well as sympathy for the Montagnard struggle for independence.
  • After the war, the Vietnamese government began to lay claim to some of the lands for the resettlement of mainstream Vietnamese. Increasing population density has required new farming methods, and the Montagnards have lost control of ancestral lands.
Culture and Tradition
  • The Montagnard people are made up of many different tribes with overlapping customs, social interactions, and language patterns.
  • The 30 or so Montagnard tribes in the Central Highlands comprise more than six different ethnic groups drawn primarily from the Malayo-Polynesian and Mon Khmer language families. The main tribes, in order of size, are the Jarai (320,000), Rhade (258,000), Bahnar (181,000), Koho (122,000), Mnong (89,000), and Stieng (66,000).
  • About 1 million people living in the highlands today are Montagnard. Of these, between 229,000 and 400,000 are thought to follow evangelical Protestantism. An additional 150,000 to 200,000 are Roman Catholic.
  • Physically, the Montagnards are darker skinned than the mainstream Vietnamese and do not have epicanthic folds around their eyes. In general, they are about the same size as the mainstream Vietnamese.
  • Traditional Montagnard religious beliefs lean towards animism, often involving the ritualistic sacrifice and blood letting of animals, to appease the spirits.
  • After the 1930s, mission schools and churches became important social institutions in the Highlands. Native pastors were locally trained and ordained. Montagnard Christians experienced a new sense of self-worth and empowerment, and the church became a strong influence in the Montagnard quest for political autonomy.
  • Montagnard families traditionally live in tribal villages. Related kin or extended families of 10 to 20 people live in longhouses that share public space with some private family room areas.

Money First, Human Rights Last

Thursday, April 07, 2011

Money First, Human Rights Last [Originally posted by 'Socheata' on KI Media]

Montagnard village during the Vietnam War.
April 4, 2011
Bruce Kesler
Family Security Matters

Hanoi hasn’t only been persecuting Montagnards. Any who challenge or are feared to challenge the government’s corruption and oppression are arrested, often tortured, and imprisoned.

The newfound fervor for human rights among liberal supporters of President Obama’s “kinetic” enterprise in Libya might be better turned to Vietnam. Instead, ignoring the persecution of minorities there and ongoing – indeed, increasing – repression of dissent, they fall into line with US businesses profiting from cheap Vietnamese labor to look away. We ally with Middle East foes of freedom and abandon real seekers of freedom in Vietnam.

During the Vietnam War, the Montagnards -- Vietnam’s Central Highlands hill people, a distinct ethnic and cultural group different from the majority lowland Vietnamese – became strong allies in fighting against the communists. They had long wanted autonomy within Vietnam, and seeking their support Saigon granted them many of their requests.

Since 1975, the communist government of Vietnam has ruthlessly persecuted the Montagnards, imprisoning, torturing, murdering many and taking their lands for roads, plantations and mines, denuding the forests for valuable woods, moving the Montagnards from poverty to rootless impoverishment and loss of culture. Together with many within the government, those with connections and Chinese state businesses profit.

Many Montagnards are devout Protestants, Degar, whose churches are not recognized by the state and whose members come in for particularly harsh punishments. The Montagnard Foundation is their voice in the West, documenting and exposing their persecution. Few listen and fewer care, least of all the US government. Under both presidents Bush and Obama, the US government has looked away, with the myth that somehow Vietnam would be a counterweight to China but actually favoring US businesses that also profit from trade with Vietnam.

I’ve frequently written about this. (See, for example, these at a previous website.) My friend Scott Johnson is a lawyer, writer and human rights activist focusing on tribal peoples from South East Asia. His latest article, awaiting publication, focuses on cables from our ambassador to Vietnam that came to light in the WikiLeaks. The cables in question are from US Ambassador to Vietnam Michael Michalak titled, Vietnam Religious Freedom Update. “Essentially the leaked confidential cables are a testament of betrayal as they blatantly fail to mention the hundreds of tribal Christian Montagnards or Degar people imprisoned in Vietnam….It’s as if the hundreds of Montagnard prisoners never existed….”
The leaked cables also makes numerous mention of “significant gains” Vietnam is making on religious freedom with references to “registration of scores of new religions” and the “training of hundreds of new Protestant and Catholic clergy”. ”Registration” and “training” are in reality codewords for control enforced by brutal security forces. The new religions are in fact government implemented programs designed to control religion and Hanoi has merely changed its tactics in persecuting Christians since being dropped from the CPC designation. Ever since, thousands of Montagnard Christians have been arrested, tortured and released in a deliberate policy to repress house churches from expanding membership. Over the past decade Protestant congregations have grown 600% in Vietnam, a statistic that has alarmed communist officials. Thus control mechanisms, namely, torture, beatings, imprisonment and even killings have become integral to Vietnam’s policy to control religion through “training” and “registration” of government Churches, such as the Southern Evangelical Church of Vietnam. By mentioning the successful expansion of these government approved Churches the State Department merely legitimises Vietnam’s oppressive police state. In other words – the US government is saying, “yes you can be a Christian, but you must be a Christian controlled by the Vietnamese communist party”.
To its credit, Human Rights Watch has not abandoned the Montagnards. In report after report, HRW has documented and decried their ruthless treatment by Hanoi. HRW’s latest report is covered in the New York Times:
“The United States government should recognize this and should clearly designate Vietnam as a country of particular concern for violations of religious freedom,” Mr. Robertson said. “I think the facts demand it. The situation with the Montagnards is one of the most egregious violations of religious freedom in Vietnam.”

The Central Highlands are mostly off limits to journalists and independent rights groups. The report said much of its information came from the official news media as well as from asylum seekers who had fled through the mountains to neighboring Cambodia and from overseas Montagnard advocacy groups.


Wednesday, 7 October 2015

Local pageant winner to represent Cambodia in world competition

Local pageant winner to represent Cambodia in world competition
By Melissa Hanson, mhanson@lowellsun.com
Updated:   10/06/2015

Virginia Prak, the newly crowned Miss Cambodian-American Northeast, practices her moves with the Angkor Dance Troupe during a rehearsal Sunday at the troupe's Lowell studio. On Oct. 22, she'll take the stage representing Cambodia in the Miss Global pageant in Manila, Philippines. SUN / CALEY MCGUANE

LOWELL -- Recently crowned Miss Cambodian-American Northeast, Virginia Prak is packing her bags to take the pageant stage again in the Miss Global competition, with the hopes of winning a title and having the chance to help children around the world.

Representing Cambodia, Prak, a Lowell native who now lives in Nashua, is vying for the Miss Global title and scholarship along with more than 100 women representing countries from across the globe.

Though she's not looking forward to the 14-hour plane ride, Prak said she is excited to meet contestants from around the world, and have a chance to show judges the culture and traditions of Cambodia. She leaves Friday for the competition on Oct. 22, which is held in Manila, Philippines.

Virginia Prak helps students warm up before their class at the Angkor Dance Troupe's Lowell studio on Sunday. On Oct. 22, she'll take the stage representing Cambodia in the Miss Global pageant in Manila, Philippines. SUN / CALEY MCGUANE

Winners also receive $20,000 and a chance to help children around the world.

"That's what I really want to do," said Prak.

Prak is a member of the Angkor Dance Troupe, and plans to use the skills she's learned in the studio to show the judges about Cambodia during the talent portion of the pageant.

"Of course I wanted to show them what Cambodian culture is like," she said. Some of the Cambodian dances embody the beauty of women, something Prak, 22, thought would be perfect for the pageant. She'll have less than five minutes to impress the judges.

The dance routines are special to her because they are a tradition that has been passed down for years and years.
Virginia Prak, recently crowned Miss Cambodian-American Northeast, rehearses with fellow members of the Angkor Dance Troupe in Lowell on Sunday. It's a busy month for the Lowell native as she prepares to take the pageant stage in the Miss Global competition on Oct. 22 in Manila, Philippines. See the video at lowellsun.com. SUN / CALEY MCGUANE

Cambodia seeks way out of post 'killing fields' mental health crisis

Cambodia seeks way out of post 'killing fields' mental health crisis
By Astrid Zweynert

PREAH AONG KAR, Cambodia (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Hing Phon thought she was losing her mind when night after night terrifying nightmares jolted her awake as she dreamt of her husband, eldest son and 18 other relatives being killed by the Khmer Rouge during their brutal reign in Cambodia.

Pitting poorer farmers against richer ones, the Khmer Rouge inflicted extreme cruelty and violence on people in her village in the southern province of Kampot when they took control of the area in the early 1970s.

"So many nights I could not close my eyes because the memories of my loved ones would haunt me," the 81-year-old said, resting in the shade outside her house in a hamlet some 120 km (75 miles) south of the capital Phnom Penh.

"We lived through a nightmare," she said, her back stooped from years of forced labor in the fields during Pol Pot's "year zero" quest to create a classless, agrarian society.

During the regime's genocidal wave of terror from 1975 to 1979, at least 1.8 million people - about a quarter of the population - died through torture, execution, disease, overwork or starvation.

It is a legacy that left millions of Cambodians with psychological scars the impoverished country is ill-equipped to deal with due to deep-rooted mistrust and a lack of money for reconciliation and mental health treatment, experts said.

Vietnamese Land-Rights Petitioner Receives 18-Month Prison Term

Vietnamese Land-Rights Petitioner Receives 18-Month Prison Term
Villagers protest outside court in support of Vu Thi Hai, Hanoi, Sept. 28, 2015.
Photo courtesy of Can Thi Theu

“It was supposed to be a public trial, but I and my son and 30 other farmers were taken to a police station,” she said.

“Police used batons to force us into a vehicle."

A Vietnamese court on Monday sentenced a land-rights petitioner to 18 months in prison on public-order charges after she petitioned unsuccessfully for the legal right to land farmed by her family in the northern province of Ninh Binh, sources said.

Vu Thi Hai, born in 1961, had been detained since June 9, when she and three other farmers protested in front of the National Assembly building in Hanoi to gain government help in resolving disputes over their land.

After rushing the delegates’ cars in an attempt to plead for help, the four—part of a larger group of 22 petitioners—were taken into custody by police, sources said in earlier reports.

“The court sentenced her to 18 months in prison,” Tran Thu Nam, one of Hai’s two lawyers at the trial, told RFA’s Vietnamese Service on Monday.

“In my opinion as a lawyer, this case was all wrong,” he said.

Hai was convicted under Article 245 of Vietnam’s penal code on charges of disturbing public order after prosecutors in Hanoi’s Ba Dinh district said she had displayed protest banners outside central government offices from March to June, sources said.

Trees cut down

Hai began her protest after trees grown on land her family had farmed since 1978 were harvested in 2003 by the ruling Communist Party chief of Ninh Binh province's Thach Binh village, a land-rights activist in Vietnam told RFA on Tuesday.

“She went to the village office and found that the village chief had been issued a paper giving him the right to use the land,” the activist said, speaking on condition of anonymity.

Authorities in Vietnam Crack Down on New Independent Broadcast Service

Authorities in Vietnam Crack Down on New Independent Broadcast Service
2015-09-25 rfa

The map shows Hai Ba Trung district in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Vietnamese authorities have detained the staff of a new independent news service that broadcasts videos on social media, according to an activist-lawyer involved with the news organization.

Security police had been harassing employees of Conscience TV, which has aired weekly videos on YouTube since Aug. 19, Nguyen Van Dai told RFA’s Vietnamese Service.

But on Wednesday and Thursday, officers from the Hai Ba Trung district police station in Hanoi detained seven staff members, including news anchor and editor Le Thi Yen, just before they were going to air the fourth program, and forced them to stay at the station for several hours, he said.

“What we did was bring the truth to the people,” he said. “According to Vietnam’s constitution, freedom of the press and expression is a human right, and people have every right to access the internet.”

Vietnam’s press law stipulates that TV stations and Internet- and satellite-based radio broadcasters must obtain operating permits for the government, but Dai said the requirement did not apply to Conscience TV, which produces short clips up to 12 minutes long, which are uploaded onto YouTube.

“So Vietnam’s regulations can't be applied to this case, which means we do not have to ask for any permit, and our operations are not prohibited,” he said. “According to our constitution, people can do whatever is not prohibited by the constitution, so Conscience TV does not need to have permit.”


ដោយ ប្រាជ្ញ ចេវ
2015-10-06 rfa
Photo: RFA

សង្គម​ស៊ីវិល​រិះគន់​ថា ការ​តែងតាំង​ទីប្រឹក្សា​របស់​អនុប្រធាន​ព្រឹទ្ធសភា ចំនួន ១៥​រូប ជា​ចំនួន​ច្រើន ដែល​ខ្ជះខ្ជាយ​ថវិកា​ជាតិ។ ឆ្លើយ​តប​នឹង​ការ​លើក​ឡើង​នេះ អ្នក​នាំ​ពាក្យ​ព្រឹទ្ធសភា បញ្ជាក់​ថា ចំនួន​ទីប្រឹក្សា​ទាំង​នោះ មិន​បាន​ធ្វើ​ឲ្យ​ខ្ជះខ្ជាយ​លុយ​រដ្ឋ​នោះ​ទេ ម៉្យាង​វិញ​ទៀត ការ​តែងតាំង​ទីប្រឹក្សា​អនុប្រធាន​ទី​១ ព្រឹទ្ធសភា ដើម្បី​ជួយ​ការងារ ព្រោះ​អនុប្រធាន​ទើប​តែ​ឡើង​កាន់​តំណែង។

ការ​លើក​ឡើង​បែប​នេះ ព្រោះ​ក្រុម​សង្គម​ស៊ីវិល​អង្កេត​ឃើញ​ថា ស្ថាប័ន​មួយ​នេះ​ពុំ​សូវ​មាន​សកម្មភាព និង​មិន​ចង់​ឲ្យ​ចាយ​ថវិកា​រដ្ឋ​ខ្ជះខ្ជាយ។

ប្រធាន​អង្គការ​វេទិកា​អនាគត លោក អ៊ូ វីរៈ និយាយ​ថា ស្ថាប័ន​ព្រឹទ្ធសភា បង្កើត​គ្មាន​ប្រយោជន៍​ទាល់​តែ​សោះ ដូច្នេះ​មិន​ចាំបាច់​ឲ្យ​មាន​ទីប្រឹក្សា​អនុប្រធាន​ព្រឹទ្ធសភា នោះ​ទេ។ ជាង​នេះ​ទៅ​ទៀត លោក​យល់​ថា គួរ​តែ​រំលាយ​ស្ថាប័ន​មួយ​នេះ​ចោល​តែ​ម្តង៖ «ខ្ញុំ​ថា​មិន​មាន​ប្រយោជន៍ មិន​មាន​ការងារ មិន​មាន​អំណាច​ជាក់លាក់ ក្នុង​ការ​ជួយ​ដល់​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ ឬ​ក៏​អនុម័ត​ច្បាប់​ទេ។ ស្ថាប័ន​នេះ ជា​ស្ថាប័ន​បំផ្លាញ​លុយ​ជាតិ។ ព្រឹទ្ធសភា បើ​តាម​ចិត្ត​ខ្ញុំ បិទ​ចោល​តែ​ម្តង មិន​មាន​តួនាទី​អី​សោះ ទុក​ធ្វើ​អី»។

Refugee detention to end on Nauru

Refugee detention to end on Nauru
Tue, 6 October 2015 ppp
AFP and Shaun Turton

The Pacific island of Nauru announced yesterday that it would end detention of asylum seekers and process the outstanding refugee claims of some 600 people held in the Australian immigration camp within a week.

The decision, however, is unlikely to boost volunteers for the controversial Cambodia resettlement program, a Cambodian government official and Australian refugee activist said yesterday.

Nauru’s Regional Processing Centre (RPC) – set up under Canberra’s hard-line, offshore-processing policy to hold asylum seekers caught trying to enter Australia via boat – will become an “open centre”, according to Nauru’s justice minister, David Adeang.

As part of this, Nauru will process, within a week, outstanding refugee claims for those living in the centre, some 600 people, who will now be able to roam around the tiny island.

“The start of detention-free processing is a landmark day for Nauru and represents an even more compassionate program, which was always the intention of our government,” Adeang said.

Those deemed refugees are not permitted to resettle in Australia but can return home, stay on Nauru or resettle in the Kingdom under a heavily criticised A$40 million ($28.3 million) deal signed by Phnom Penh and Canberra last year.

Hoped-for minimum wage accord no closer Tue, 6 October 2015

Hoped-for minimum wage accord no closer
Tue, 6 October 2015
Mom Kunthear and Charles Rollet
Employees work at a garment factory in Phnom Penh last year. Yesterday’s minimum wage talks failed to reach an agreement after employers offered to raise the minimum wage by $4.80 in 2016. Vireak Mai

On a day some hoped would see the announcement of a final minimum wage for garment workers, unions and employers instead remain entrenched as ever, with management’s latest offer to boost their previous proposal by 32 cents slammed as “nothing” by one union.

Employers yesterday increased their offer for 2016’s minimum wage from $132.48 – or 3.5 per cent higher than the current $128 minimum – to $132.80. On Friday, unions agreed to lower their target to about $164 from the $168 they had originally settled on following weeks of quarrelling.

“The result of the meeting [on Monday] was reached only for employers. For us, unions and workers, it is nothing,” said Fa Saly, president of the National Trade Union Coalition.

Saly said that given the unions’ most recent concession, the employers’ offer was “very unfair” and a “very small [number] that we cannot accept”.

Saly added that unions would only concede further ground if employers offered a more significant increase.

“We have a plan for minimum wage negotiations – we will decrease more only if the employers agree to increase more,” he said.

Drought spawns fish fears

Drought spawns fish fears
Tue, 6 October 2015
Khouth Sophak Chakrya and Jamie Elliott
Fish lay in a tray at a market in the capital’s Meanchey district last week. Fishing communities are concerned for their livelihoods as the drought has diminished fish numbers. Pha Lina

Fishing communities along two of Cambodia’s principle rivers say their livelihoods are threatened by droughts that have reduced water levels and devastated fish numbers.

“The Tonle Sap is 3 metres lower than last year,” Long Sochhet, president of the Coalition of Cambodian Fishing Communities, said yesterday. “Less water means less fish, so it is a dark year for us.”

According to Sochhet, the low water level meant the Tonle Sap could not flood the surrounding high ground and forests, which is vital if fish are to spawn.

“Usually in August and September, the water in the Tonle Sap rises and fills the lake, creeks and streams, flooding the forest where the fish breed and grow,” he said. “But in the past few years, the drought has lasted too long, and in the rainy season it rarely rains, making the water level too low for the river to flood.”

Many fishing communities, like the 400 families in Pursat province’s Raingtoel commune, where Sochhet lives, are entirely dependent on their catch, because they live in floating houses and have no land to cultivate, he added.

Kampong Chhnang provincial fishing communities representative Phat Phalla told a similar story.

“The Tonle Sap is at the lowest level I have seen it for 30 years,” she said. “Drought has combined with hydroelectric dams in the upper Mekong River to reduce the flow of water, which, along with illegal fishing, is slashing fish numbers.”

Angkor worksite reveals 2 statues

Angkor worksite reveals 2 statues
Tue, 6 October 2015 ppp
Sen David
A man inspects a statue earlier this month in Siem Reap after it was discovered during channel work in the Angkor Temple Complex. PHOTO SUPPLIED

Authorities at the Angkor Temple Complex in Siem Reap province yesterday announced the discovery of two statues dating from the 10th century, uncovered during the digging of a water channel.

In a statement released on its website, the Apsara Authority, which runs and manages the Unesco World Heritage site, said the two statues will be sent to archaeologists for research purposes.

“We found them while digging a small canal around the Banteay Srey temple,” said Apsara Authority spokesperson Chao Sun Kerya.

The canal is intended to hold rainwater runoff currently gathering in the temple.

Sun Kerya said the red sandstone sculptures, which are about 29 centimetres tall and 12 centimetres wide, are in the Banteay Srei style. Banteay Srei is a 10th-century temple dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva, located 25 kilometres northeast of the main group of temples.

According to Saray Kim Hol, a conservationist working at the park, this is just the latest finding of antiquities during routine maintenance work on the site, with other statues recently found near the eastern Gate 3.

In July, two statues were found by a farmer as he ploughed his land, which lies just outside the complex. Those statues were judged to originate from the Bayon era, at the end of the 13th century.

Dengue’s link to El Niño

Dengue’s link to El Niño
Tue, 6 October 2015 ppp
Igor Kossov
A mother watches over her son, who was diagnosed with dengue fever, at a hospital in Phnom Penh. A new study has found a link between rising temperatures and dengue outbreaks in the region. Hong Menea

As Cambodia contends with one of the strongest El Niño cycles in recent memory, a new study of millions of dengue cases over the past two-decades-plus has shown that spikes in the deadly disease across Southeast Asia may be linked to the weather phenomenon.

Upswings in dengue cases follow a cyclical pattern, and it had already been predicted that 2015 would see such an upswing, but one health official yesterday said the heightened temperatures brought on by El Niño – along with Cambodia’s unique developmental circumstances – will only serve to intensify the severity of the problem.

Though the exact effects of temperature changes on dengue fever are still under investigation, an international study published in the US-based Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences this week found that surges in dengue cases occurred “synchronously” across Southeast Asia during El Niño years.

“Our analysis shows that periods of elevated temperatures can drive the occurrence of synchronous dengue epidemics across the region,” wrote researchers, which included American universities and health ministries across ASEAN.

“Multiannual dengue cycles (2-5 years) were highly coherent with the Oceanic Nino index and synchrony of these cycles increased with the temperature.”


Tuesday, 6 October 2015

Putin Reportedly Sending 150,000 Troops to Syria to Wipe out ISIS (រូស៊្សីនឹងបញ្ជូនទ័ពមួយសែនប្រាំម៉ឺននាក់ទៅប្រទេសសុីរី) លោក​អាសាដ៖ អន្តរាគមន៍​យោធា​រុស្ស៊ី​នៅ​ស៊ី​រី ជា​ជំនួយ​ដ៏​សំខាន់​នៅ​មជ្ឈិមបូព៌ា​ទាំងមូល

The Russian leader is reportedly mounting an enormous military mission to take control of the terror group's stronghold of Raqqa.
The city is the self-declared capital of  in Syria and is patrolled by as many as 5,000 jihadi members.
Putin is set to mobilise 150,000 reservists who he conscripted into the military earlier this week. REad the full article The UK Express.
មេដឹកនាំ​ស៊ី​រី​បា​សារ អាល​អាសាដ សម្ដែង​ការ​សាទរ​ចំពោះ​ប្រតិបត្តិការ​យោធា​របស់​រុស្សី​ក្នុងការ​កម្ចាត់​ក្រុម​រដ្ឋ​ឥស្លាម ខណៈ​លើកឡើង​ពី​ការបរាជ័យ​របស់​ក្រុម​សម្ព័ន្ធមិត្ត​ដឹកនាំ​ដោយ​សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក។ មេដឹកនាំ​ស៊ី​រី​រូបនេះ ក៏​ព្រមាន​ពី​មហន្តរាយ​ក្នុង​តំបន់ ប្រសិនបើ​អន្តរាគមន៍​របស់​រុស្សី​បរាជ័យ។ 

លោក មុំ ពិទូរ្យ លម្អិត​ព័ត៌មាន​នេះ

ក្នុង​កិច្ចសម្ភាសន៍​ជាមួយ​ទូរទស្សន៍​មួយ​របស់​អ៊ីរ៉ង់ ប្រធានាធិបតី​ស៊ី​រី​លោក​បា​សារ អាល​អាសាដ (Bashar al-Assad) បានបញ្ជាក់​ពី​សារៈសំខាន់​នៃ​អន្តរាគមន៍​យោធា​របស់​រុស្សី​ក្នុងប្រទេស​ស៊ី​រី។ លោក បាន​អះអាងថា សម្ព​ន្ធ័​របស់​ស៊ី​រី​ដែលមាន​រុស្ស៊ី អី​រ៉ា​ក់ និង អី​រ៉ង់ ត្រូវតែ ទទួល​ជ័យជម្នះ​លើ​ប្រតិបត្តិការ​ក​ម្ចេ​ច​ក្រុម​រដ្ឋ​ឥស្លាម បើ​មិន​ដូច្នេះ​ទេ តំបន់​មជ្ឈិមបូព៌ា ទាំងមូល​នឹងត្រូវ​បាន​បំផ្លាញ។ 
ការលើកឡើង​របស់​មេ​ដឹកនាំ​ស៊ី​រី បាន​ធ្វើឡើង​ស្របពេល​រុស្សី​កំពុង​បង្កើន​ប្រតិបត្តិ​ការប្រឆាំង​ក្រុម​រដ្ឋ​ឥស្លាម​ដែល​បាន​ឈាន​ចូលដល់​ថ្ងៃទី៥ហើយ។ យន្តហោះ​ចំបាំង​រុស្សី​បាន​វាយប្រហារ​តាម​ដែនអាកាស​ជាច្រើនលើក ទៅលើ​ទីតាំង​នានា​របស់​ក្រុម​ឥស្លាម​ជ្រុលនិយម។ ក៏ប៉ុន្តែ ប្រតិបត្តិការ​នេះ ត្រូវបាន ក្រុម​ប្រទេស​លោកខាងលិច ចោទ​រុស្សី​ថា​ធ្វើការ​វាយប្រហារ​តែ​លើ​ក្រុម​បះបោរ​ប្រឆាំង​លោក​អាសាដ​តែប៉ុណ្ណោះ មិនមែន​ក្រុម​រដ្ឋ​ឥស្លាម​នោះទេ។
ឆ្លៀតពេល​ផ្ដល់​បទសម្ភាសន៍​ដល់​ទូរទស្សន៍​អី​រ៉ង់ លោក​អាសាដ ក៏បាន​ឆ្លើយតប​នឹង​ក្រុម​ប្រទេស​លោកខាងលិច ដែល​ចង់ឱ្យ​លោក​ចុះ​ចេញពី​តំណែង​ផងដែរ។ លោក សង្កត់ធ្ងន់ថា​នយោបាយ​ស៊ី​រី គឺ​អាស្រ័យ​លើ​ប្រជាជន​ស៊ី​រី​ជា​អ្នកកំណត់​ជោគវាសនា​របស់ខ្លួន ថា​តើន​រណា​ជា​អ្នកដឹកនាំ​ស៊ី​រី មិនមែន​ក្រុម​មេដឹកនាំ​ប្រទេស​លោកខាងលិច​នោះទេ។
លោក​បន្ថែមទៀតថា​ប្រសិនបើ​ការចាកចេញ​របស់លោក​ជា​ដំណោះស្រាយ​នៃ​ការបញ្ចប់​នៃ​វិបត្តិ លោក​មិនមាន​ការស្ទាក់ស្ទើរ​ក្នុងការ​ចាក​ចេញពី​តំណែង​ឡើយ។ 



កម្មវិធីទូរទស្សន៍ព័ត៌មានថ្ងៃនេះ 10/05/15

រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ក្រសួង​ព័ត៌មាន​លោក ខៀវ កាញារីទ្ធ ប្រកាស​ចូល​និវត្តន៍​នៅ​អាណត្តិ​ខាង​មុខ

រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ក្រសួង​ព័ត៌មាន​លោក ខៀវ កាញារីទ្ធ ប្រកាស​ចូល​និវត្តន៍​នៅ​អាណត្តិ​ខាង​មុខ
ដោយ ប្រាជ្ញ ចេវ
2015-10-05 rfa
រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ក្រសួង​ព័ត៌មាន លោក ខៀវ កាញារីទ្ធ ថ្លែង​ក្នុង​ពិធី​បើក​ឲ្យ​ប្រើប្រាស់​ទូរទស្សន៍​តាម​ប្រព័ន្ធ​អ៊ីនធឺណិត (Online TV) នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​៣០ ខែ​កក្កដា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៥។
RFA/Sek Bandith

រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ក្រសួង​ ព័ត៌មាន លោក ខៀវ កាញារីទ្ធ ប្រកាស​ចូល​និវត្តន៍​នៅ​អាណត្តិ​ក្រោយ គឺ​ឆ្នាំ​២០១៨ ខាង​មុខ​នេះ។ លោក​ថ្លែង​បែប​នេះ នៅ​ទីស្ដីការ​ក្រសួង​ក្នុង​កិច្ច​ប្រជុំ​ប្រចាំ​ឆ្នាំ​លើក​ទី​២ ស្ដីពី​ការ​ឆ្លើយ​ឆ្លង​ព័ត៌មាន​តាម​ទូរទស្សន៍​ឆ្នាំ​២០១៥ ថ្ងៃ​ទី​៥ ខែ​តុលា ដោយ​បញ្ជាក់​ថា លោក​ល្មម​ដល់​ពេល​ដែល​លោក​ត្រូវ​ចូល​និវត្តន៍​ហើយ និង​ជា​ការ​ទុក​ឱកាស​ឲ្យ​ក្មេង​ជំនាន់​ក្រោយ​ដែល​សមត្ថភាព។

បញ្ជាក់ ​បន្ថែម​ពី​ប្រសាសន៍​របស់ លោក ខៀវ កាញារីទ្ធ អនុរដ្ឋលេខាធិការ​នៃ​ក្រសួង​ព័ត៌មាន លោក អ៊ុក គឹមសេង ឲ្យ​ដឹង​ថា លោក​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​បាន​ផ្ដាំ​ផ្ញើ​ទៅ​មន្ត្រី​ក្រោម​ឱវាទ ឲ្យ​ខិតខំ​ប្រឹងប្រែង​ធ្វើ​ការ​តាម​វិជ្ជាជីវៈ និង​តាម​ជំនាញ។ លោក​បន្ត​ថា នៅ​អាណត្តិ​ក្រោយ​នៅ​ពេល​មាន​បេក្ខជន​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ថ្មី លោក ខៀវ កាញារីទ្ធ នឹង​ឈប់​ធ្វើ​ការងារ​នេះ​ទៀត​ហើយ៖ «នៅ​ពេល​បញ្ចប់​អាណត្តិ គាត់​នឹង​ឈប់។ តាម​ពិត ខ្ញុំ​យល់​ពី​សន្ដាន​ចិត្ត​របស់​លោក (លោក ខៀវ កាញារីទ្ធ) ថា​គាត់​បាន​ជួប​សប្បាយ និង​ការ​ប្រឈម​ច្រើន ហើយ​សំខាន់ ពួក​ខ្ញុំ​ក្មេងៗ​ខិតខំ​ស្រាវជ្រាវ​ពី​របៀប​ដឹក​នាំ​ការងារ របៀប​ធ្វើ​ការងារ​របស់​គាត់​ដើម្បី​ទ្រទ្រង់​លទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ»។

លោក ខៀវ កាញារីទ្ធ ជា​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ទី​១ ដែល​ប្រកាស​មិន​ធ្វើ​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​នៅ​អាណត្តិ​ក្រោយ បើ​ទោះ​ជា​គេ​មិន​ទាន់​ដឹង​ថា តើ​គណបក្ស​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា ដែល​ជា​គណបក្ស​កាន់​អំណាច​ឈ្នះ​ឆ្នោត​ដដែល​នោះ មាន​ឱកាស​ឈ្នះ​ឆ្នោត​នៅ​អាណត្តិ​ក្រោយៗ​ទៀត ឬ​ក៏​យ៉ាង​ណា​នោះ​ទេ។

អនុរដ្ឋលេខាធិការ ​នៃ​ក្រសួង​ព័ត៌មាន លោក អ៊ុក គឹមសេង លើក​ឡើង​ថា លោក​មិន​ទាន់​ដឹង​ថា ឥស្សរជន​រូប​ណា​នឹង​ឡើង​កាន់​តំណែង​ជំនួស លោក ខៀវ កាញារីទ្ធ នៅ​ឡើយ​ទេ៕


ដោយ ម៉ម មុនីរតន៍
2015-10-05 rfa
Photo: RFA

ក្រុម​យោធា​ប្រមាណ ៨០​នាក់​នៃ​អង្គភាព​កង​វរ​សេនា​តូច​ព្រំដែន​គោក​ខេត្ត​តាកែវ បាន​ប្ដឹង​មេ​បញ្ជាការ​នៃ​កង​អង្គភាព​ប្រតិបត្តិការ​សឹក​រង ថា​បាន​ប្រព្រឹត្ត​អំពើ​ពុក​រលួយ និង​បក្ខពួក​និយម ជាពិសេស គឺ​មេ​បញ្ជាការ​រូប​នេះ​ពុំ​ចេះ​ទទួល​ខុស​ត្រូវ និង​ខ្វះ​សមត្ថភាព​ក្នុង​ការ​ដឹក​នាំ​អង្គភាព។

ផ្ទុយ​ពី​ ការ​ចោទ​ប្រកាន់​នេះ មេ​បញ្ជាការ​កង​វរ​សេនា​តូច​តំបន់​ប្រតិបត្តិការ​សឹក​រង ៣០១ បាន​បដិសេធ ដោយ​អះអាង​ថា ជា​ការ​ចោទ​ប្រកាន់​មិន​ត្រឹមត្រូវ និង​ជា​ការ​ច្រណែន​ឈ្នានីស​រូប​លោក​ប៉ុណ្ណោះ។

មន្ត្រី​ យោធា​នៃ​កង​ពល​តូច​៣០១ ឲ្យ​ដឹង​ថា ជម្លោះ​ផ្ទៃ​ក្នុង​ដែល​កើត​ចេញ​ពី​អំពើ​ពុក​រលួយ និង​ដឹក​នាំ​ប្រកាន់​បក្ខពួក បាន​អូស​បន្លាយ​ជា​យូរ​ខែ​ណាស់​មក​ហើយ ប៉ុន្តែ​រហូត​មក​ដល់​ពេល​នេះ ពុំ​ទាន់​ឃើញ​មាន​ចំណាត់​ការ​ណា​មួយ​ពី​ថ្នាក់​ដឹក​នាំ បើ​ទោះ​ជា​ក្រុម​នាយ​ទាហាន​បាន​ប្ដឹង​ទម្លាក់​មេ​បញ្ជាការ​របស់​ពួក​គេ​យ៉ាង ​ណា​ក៏ដោយ។

មូលហេតុ​ដែល​ជំរុញ​ឲ្យ​ក្រុម​យោធា​នៃ​កង​វរ​ សេនា​តូច​តំបន់​ប្រតិបត្តិការ​សឹក​រង ៣០១ ដែល​ស្ថិត​នៅ​ឃុំ​គីរីចុងកោះ ស្រុក​គិរីវង់ ខេត្ត​តាកែវ ទាមទារ​ប្ដឹង​ទម្លាក់​មេ​បញ្ជាការ​នៃ​អង្គភាព​នេះ រួម​មាន ពាក់ព័ន្ធ​នឹង​អំពើ​ពុក​រលួយ​យក​លុយ​ក្នុង​ម្នាក់​ចន្លោះ​ពី ៥​ពាន់​ដុល្លារ រហូត​ដល់ ១​ម៉ឺន​ដុល្លារ ជា​ថ្នូរ​ទទួល​បាន​ងារ​ជា​យោធា​សម្រាប់​អង្គភាព​នេះ បង្កើត​បក្ខពួក និង​គ្រួសារ​និយម ជាពិសេស​រើសអើង​នាយ​ទាហាន​ចាស់ៗ​នៅ​ក្នុង​អង្គភាព ជាដើម។


ដោយ យ៉ង ចាន់តារា
2015-10-05 rfa
តំណាង​សម្ព័ន្ធ​កំណែ​ទម្រង់​ការ​បោះ​ឆ្នោត​អឺរ៉ា លោក គល់ បញ្ញា ផ្ដល់​បទសម្ភាសន៍​ដល់​អ្នក​កាសែត​កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​៣០ ខែ​មេសា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៥។
RFA/Tin Zakariya

សម្ព័ន្ធ​កំណែ​ទម្រង់​ ការ​បោះ​ឆ្នោត ហៅ​កាត់​ថា អឺរ៉ា (ERA) នឹង​រៀបចំ​កិច្ច​ពិភាក្សា​តុ​មូល​មួយ ស្ដីពី​វិសោធនកម្ម​នៃ​ច្បាប់​បោះ​ឆ្នោត​ជ្រើស​រើស​ក្រុម​ប្រឹក្សា​ ឃុំ-សង្កាត់ នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​៧ ខែ​តុលា ខាង​មុខ​នៅ​សណ្ឋាគារ​សាន់វេ (Sunway Hotel) ក្រុង​ភ្នំពេញ។

កម្មវិធី​នេះ នឹង​ផ្ដោត​ទៅ​លើ​បច្ចុប្បន្ន​ភាព​នៃ​កិច្ច​ពិភាក្សា​របស់​គណបក្ស​ប្រជាជន​ កម្ពុជា និង​គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ ជុំវិញ​វិសោធនកម្ម​ច្បាប់​ស្តី​ពី​ការ​បោះ​ឆ្នោត​ជ្រើស​រើស​ក្រុម​ប្រឹក្សា​ ឃុំ-សង្កាត់។

នាយក​ប្រតិបត្តិ​អង្គការ​ខុមហ្វ្រែល (COMFREL) និង​ជា​តំណាង​របស់ អឺរ៉ា លោក គល់ បញ្ញា បញ្ជាក់​ថា កិច្ច​ពិភាក្សា​នេះ​នឹង​បើក​ឱកាស​ដល់​គ្រប់​ភាគី លើក​ឡើង​ពី​កង្វល់ ឬ​អនុសាសន៍​ផ្សេងៗ​ទៅ​កាន់​គណបក្ស​នយោបាយ ដែល​មាន​អាសនៈ​ក្នុង​រដ្ឋសភា ដើម្បី​បញ្ចូល​ទៅ​ក្នុង​វិសោធនកម្ម។

សមាសភាព​ដែល​ត្រូវ​ បាន​អញ្ជើញ​ចូលរួម​ក្នុង​កិច្ច​ពិភាក្សា​នេះ រួម​មាន គណបក្ស​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ គណបក្ស​នយោបាយ​ដែល​មាន​សកម្មភាព​ច្រើន ក្រសួង​មហាផ្ទៃ គណៈកម្មាធិការ​ជាតិ​រៀបចំ​ការ​បោះ​ឆ្នោត អង្គការ​សង្គម​ស៊ីវិល ក្រុម​អ្នក​ច្បាប់ និង​អ្នក​សារព័ត៌មាន៕

តើ​បញ្ហា​អ្វី​ខ្លះ ដែល​បណ្ដាល​ឲ្យ​កសិករ​បោះបង់​ការងារ​កសិកម្ម?

តើ​បញ្ហា​អ្វី​ខ្លះ ដែល​បណ្ដាល​ឲ្យ​កសិករ​បោះបង់​ការងារ​កសិកម្ម?
ដោយ អ៊ុំ រង្សី
2015-10-05 rfa
ក្រុម​កសិករ​ផលិត​ពូជ​ស្រូវ​ភ្នំ​តូច​សាមគ្គី ដក​ស្ទូង នៅ​ភូមិ​ភ្នំតូច ឃុំ​ពង្រ ស្រុក​រលាប្អៀរ ខេត្ត​កំពង់ឆ្នាំង កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​៥ ខែ​កក្កដា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៥។
RFA/Chin Chetha

អ្នក​ជំនាញ​ផ្នែក​ សេដ្ឋកិច្ច និង​កសិកម្ម បាន​លើក​ឡើង​ថា ចំនួន​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា ដែល​ធ្វើ​ការ​ក្នុង​វិស័យ​កសិកម្ម កំពុង​ថយ​ចុះ​គួរ​ឲ្យ​កត់​សម្គាល់​នៅ​ក្នុង​ប៉ុន្មាន​ឆ្នាំ​ចុង​ក្រោយ​នេះ។ ទាំង​អ្នក​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច ទាំង​អ្នក​កសិកម្ម បង្ហាញ​ថា ករណី​នេះ​ដោយសារ​ចរន្ត​នៃ​ការ​ធ្វើ​ចំណាក​ស្រុក​ទ្រង់ទ្រាយ​ធំ ទាំង​ក្នុង និង​ក្រៅ​ប្រទេស រួម​ផ្សំ​នឹង​ការ​រីក​ចម្រើន​ខាង​ផ្នែក​ឧស្សាហកម្ម​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច។

នៅ​ពេល​កសិករ​ខ្មែរ​បោះបង់​ការងារ​កសិកម្ម​កាន់​តែ​ច្រើន តើ​កម្ពុជា អាច​នឹង​ប្រឈម​បញ្ហា​អ្វី​ខ្លះ?

អ្នក ​ជំនាញ​ផ្នែក​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច និង​កសិកម្ម បារម្ភ​ថា ប្រសិន​បើ​ចរន្ត​នៃ​ការ​បន្ត​ធ្លាក់​ចុះ​កម្លាំង​ពលកម្ម​ក្នុង​វិស័យ​ កសិកម្ម​នេះ អាច​នឹង​បង្ក​ជា​ក្តី​បារម្ភ​ដល់​លទ្ធភាព​ផ្គត់ផ្គង់​ស្បៀង​នៅ​កម្ពុជា និង​អាច​ប៉ះពាល់​ដល់​ការ​អភិវឌ្ឍ​វិស័យ​កសិកម្ម ដែល​ជា​ក្បាល​ម៉ាស៊ីន​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​មួយ​នេះ។

ការ​លើក​ឡើង​ របស់​អ្នក​ជំនាញ​ផ្នែក​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច និង​កសិកម្ម នៅ​ពេល​នេះ ធ្វើ​ឡើង​បន្ទាប់​ពី​ក្រសួង​កសិកម្ម បាន​បង្ហាញ​របាយការណ៍​បូក​សរុប​ការងារ​កសិកម្ម រុក្ខាប្រមាញ់ និង​នេសាទ ប្រចាំ​ឆ្នាំ​២០១៤ ដល់​ឆ្នាំ​២០១៥ និង​ទិសដៅ​អនុវត្តន៍​ឆ្នាំ​២០១៥ ដល់​ឆ្នាំ​២០១៦ បង្ហាញ​ថា ចំនួន​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា ដែល​ធ្វើ​ការ​ក្នុង​វិស័យ​កសិកម្ម​កំពុង​ថយ​ចុះ​គួរ​ឲ្យ​កត់​សម្គាល់ នៅ​ក្នុង​ប៉ុន្មាន​ឆ្នាំ​ចុង​ក្រោយ​នេះ។


ដោយ ថា កិត្យា
2015-10-05 rfa
ស្ត្រី​ជនជាតិ​វៀតណាម ដើរ​កាន់​សន្លឹក​ឆ្នោត​លក់​អោយ​ពលរដ្ឋ​ខ្មែរ​នៅ​ក្នុង​ហាង​កាហ្វេ​មួយ​ កន្លែង ស្ថិត​ក្នុង​ទី​រួម​ខេត្ត​ស្វាយរៀង កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​២១ ខែ​សីហា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៥។
RFA/Tha Kitya

ជនជាតិ​វៀតណាម ចាប់​ផ្ដើម​លក់​សន្លឹក​ឆ្នោត​ពេញ​ខេត្ត​ស្វាយរៀង ឡើង​វិញ​ហើយ ក្រោយ​ពី​ស្ងប់ស្ងាត់​ប្រហែល​មួយ​សប្ដាហ៍ នៅ​បន្ទាប់​ពី​សមត្ថកិច្ច​ខេត្ត​ចុះ​បង្ក្រាប​កាល​ពី​ខែ​កញ្ញា កន្លង​ទៅ។ ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ និង​សង្គម​ស៊ីវិល​យល់​ថា ចំណាត់​ការ​របស់​អាជ្ញាធរ ហាក់​មិន​មាន​ប្រសិទ្ធភាព​នោះ​ទេ។

ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ និង​អង្គការ​សង្គម​ស៊ីវិល មើល​ឃើញ​ថា ចំណាត់​ការ​របស់​អាជ្ញាធរ​ខេត្ត​ស្វាយរៀង ក្នុង​ការ​បង្ក្រាប​ជនជាតិ​វៀតណាម ដើរ​លក់​សន្លឹក​ឆ្នោត មិន​មាន​ប្រសិទ្ធភាព​នោះ​ទេ។ មិន​មាន​ប្រសិទ្ធភាព ព្រោះ​ជនជាតិ​វៀតណាម នៅ​តែ​ដើរ​លក់​សន្លឹក​ឆ្នោត​យ៉ាង​អនាធិបតេយ្យ​នៅ​តាម​ហាង​កាហ្វេ ភោជនីយដ្ឋាន និង​នៅ​តាម​ទីប្រជុំជន​ក្នុង​ខេត្ត​ស្វាយរៀង ដដែល។

ពលរដ្ឋ​ម្នាក់​រៀបរាប់​ថា ជនជាតិ​វៀតណាម យ៉ាង​ហោច​ណាស់​ប្រហែល ៧០​នាក់​ទៅ ៨០​នាក់ នៅ​តែ​ដើរ​លក់​សន្លឹក​ឆ្នោត​ដដែល បន្ទាប់​ពី​ស្ងប់ស្ងាត់​មួយ​រយៈ។ លោក​បន្ថែម​ថា អាជ្ញាធរ​គួរ​តែ​ចាត់​វិធានការ​តាម​ច្បាប់​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍ ចំពោះ​ជន​បរទេស​រូប​ណា​ដែល​ចូល​ទឹក​ដី​កម្ពុជា មិន​ស្រប​ច្បាប់៖ «បញ្ហា​នេះ អាច​បណ្ដាល​មក​ពី​អាជ្ញាធរ​បើក​ច្រក​ព្រំដែន​ទូលាយ​ពេក។ បើ​ធ្វើ​ដូច​ប្រទេស​វៀតណាម គឺ​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​ខ្មែរ​យើង ពេល​ចូល​វៀតណាម ធម្មតា​រយៈពេល​មួយ​ថ្ងៃ​ត្រូវ​ត្រឡប់​ចូល​ប្រទេស​ខ្មែរ​វិញ តែ​ជនជាតិ​វៀតណាម ដែល​ចូល​មក​លក់​ឆ្នោត​នៅ​ខ្មែរ​យើង គឺ​នៅ​ម៉ោង ៦​ល្ងាច ដែល​ឆ្នោត​ចេញ​ហើយ គឺ​នៅ​តែ​ក្នុង​ស្រុក​ខ្មែរ​ដដែល អត់​មាន​ទៅ​ណា​ទេ។ មិន​ដឹង​ថា​យ៉ាង​ម៉េច​អាច​មក​ពី​ចំណាត់​ការ​ធូរ​រលុង»។


ដោយ ខែ សុណង
2015-10-05 rfa

ក្រុម​គ្រូបង្រៀន​លើក​បដា​ទាមទារ​ដំឡើង​ប្រាក់​បៀវត្ស ក្នុង​នៃ​ទិវា​គ្រូបង្រៀន​ពិភពលោក​ឆ្នាំ​២០១៥ នា​ទីលាន​ប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​៥ ខែ​តុលា។
RFA/Khe Sonorng

គ្រូបង្រៀន ​ជាង ២០០​នាក់​មក​ពី​ទូទាំង​ខេត្ត-ក្រុង បាន​ជួប​ប្រជុំ​គ្នា​នៅ​ទីលាន​ប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ ដើម្បី​អបអរ​សាទរ​ទិវា​គ្រូបង្រៀន​ពិភពលោក ថ្ងៃ​ទី​៥ ខែ​តុលា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៥។ ក្នុង​ពិធី​នេះ លោកគ្រូ​អ្នកគ្រូ បាន​ថ្លែង​សារ​រៀបរាប់​ពី​ទុក្ខ​លំបាក​របស់​ពួក​គាត់ គឺ​ជីវភាព​ក្នុង​អាជីព​ជា​គ្រូបង្រៀន ប្រឈម​នឹង​បញ្ហា​ខ្វះខាត។ ទោះ​យ៉ាង​ណា ការ​ប្រារព្ធ​ទិវា​ដែល​គ្មាន​ក្រសួង​អប់រំ ចូលរួម​នេះ ពួក​គាត់​បាន​យក​ញត្តិ​ដាក់​ជូន​ស្ថាប័ន​មួយ​ចំនួន សុំ​ឲ្យ​ដំឡើង​ប្រាក់​ខែ​ជូន​ពួក​គាត់។


ក្រុម ​គ្រូបង្រៀន​នៅ​តាម​បណ្ដា​ខេត្ត-ក្រុង​ចំនួន​២៤ បាន​ទាមទារ​ឲ្យ​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​ដំឡើង​ប្រាក់​ខែ​ជូន​ពួក​គាត់​ឲ្យ​បាន​ចំនួន ១​លាន ៥​សែន​រៀល​ក្នុង​មួយ​ខែ ដើម្បី​ដោះស្រាយ​ជីវភាព​រស់នៅ​ប្រចាំ​ថ្ងៃ និង​ពង្រឹង​គុណភាព​បង្រៀន នៅ​ខណៈ​ទំនិញ​សព្វសារពើ​នៅ​លើ​ទីផ្សារ កាន់​តែ​ឡើង​ថ្លៃ​នោះ។

គ្រូបង្រៀន​នៃ​សាលា​បឋម​សិក្សា​ សំរោង ស្រុក​ភ្នំក្រវាញ ខេត្ត​ពោធិ៍សាត់ អ្នកស្រី ប្រាង្គ ចំណាន ជា​គ្រូបង្រៀន​ម្នាក់​ក្នុង​ចំណោម​គ្រូបង្រៀន​មក​ពី​បណ្ដា​ខេត្ត​ដទៃ បាន​រៀបរាប់​ពី​ទុក្ខ​លំបាក​ខាង​ជីវភាព​រស់នៅ​ប្រចាំ​ថ្ងៃ ដោយសារ​អ្នកគ្រូ​យល់​ថា មក​ពី​ការ​ផ្ដល់​ប្រាក់​បៀវត្សរ៍​ឲ្យ​គ្រូបង្រៀន​នៅ​មាន​កម្រិត​ទាប​ពេក ដែល​ធ្វើ​ឲ្យ​ពួក​គាត់​ប្រព្រឹត្ត​ទង្វើ​ជាច្រើន​មិន​សម​ប្រកប​ទៅ​នឹង​ វិជ្ជាជីវៈ ហើយ​ក្បត់​នឹង​មនសិការ​របស់​ខ្លួន។ អ្នកគ្រូ បាន​ស្នើសុំ​ដំឡើង​ប្រាក់​ខែ​គោល​ជូន​ពួក​គាត់​ទៅ​ដល់ ១​លាន ៥​សែន​រៀល៖ «នាង​ខ្ញុំ​ជា​គ្រូបង្រៀន​ម្នាក់​ដែល​តែង​តែ​ក្បត់​សីលធម៌​ខ្លួន​ឯង ប្រើ​គ្រប់​វិធីសាស្ត្រ​ដើម្បី​ឲ្យ​កូន​សិស្ស​គាត់​ទិញ​នំ​ខ្ញុំ។ គាត់​រៀន​គួរ​ជាមួយ​ខ្ញុំ ខ្ញុំ​ធ្វើ​ដើម្បី​ការ​រស់នៅ​របស់​ខ្ញុំ​បាន​ប្រសើរ​តិចតួច។ ខ្ញុំ​សូម​អំពាវនាវ​ទៅ​ដល់​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ក្រសួង​អប់រំ ដែល​លោក​ចង់​ឲ្យ​គ្រូបង្រៀន ចង់​ឲ្យ​សាលា​រៀន​ខ្មែរ​ដើរ​តាម​អាស៊ាន ចុះ​ប្រាក់​ខែ​លោក​មាន​គិត​ទេ? ខ្ញុំ​ជឿ​ថា ប្រាក់​ខែ​គេ​ប្រាកដ​ជា​មិន​ដូច​ខ្ញុំ​ទេ»។

Money launderer’s dream

Money launderer’s dream
Mon, 5 October 2015 ppp
Daniel Pye
The headquarters of the National Bank of Cambodia in Phnom Penh. According to classified US State Department cables, the bank’s Financial Intelligence Unit faces serious challenges in cracking down on money laundering in the Kingdom. Vireak Mai

Cambodia's anti-money laundering agency is unable to investigate or penalise financial institutions that break the law, leaving the country open to exploitation by organised crime, according to a senior official in the unit.

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) – the top international anti-money laundering and counterterrorism financing body – ceased its monitoring of Cambodia in February, even though the Financial Intelligence Unit (CAFIU), the state agency tasked with investigating and prosecuting financial crimes, was so under-staffed and under-resourced it had not investigated a single financial institution since its founding in 2008.

In early 2014, Cambodia was downgraded to FATF’s “dark-grey list” for lacking an asset-freezing instrument or a currency declaration system. The downgrade left the Kingdom just one step away from being blacklisted as a high-risk jurisdiction.

The government passed a sub-decree only a month later, which amended the 2007 Anti-Money Laundering Law to meet FATF’s requirements, leading the body to remove Cambodia from the list.

However, despite the progress on paper, CAFIU adviser Phan Ho told Daniel Glaser, assistant secretary for terrorist financing at the US Treasury Department, that while the unit was “working very hard to enforce” the law it “had only 10 people to inspect 38 banks and 37 [micro-finance institutions]”.

As a result, the FIU “had never fined, sanctioned or penalised any financial institution in Cambodia”, Ho said, according to a classified US State Department cable obtained by the Post.

Testy rebuke to UN on LANGO

Testy rebuke to UN on LANGO
Mon, 5 October 2015 ppp
Vong Sokheng and Zoe Holman
Activists and NGO members protest against the controversial Law on Associations and Non-Governmental Organisations in July. On Friday, the UN cautioned the government to implement the law fairly. Heng Chivoan

The UN Human Rights Council on Friday passed a resolution on “Advisory Services and Technical Assistance” to Cambodia at its 30th session in Geneva, provoking a defensive response from the Kingdom over the body’s comments on the recently passed NGO law.

Adopted without a vote, the resolution follows last month’s nine-day visit by the new UN special rapporteur on human rights in Cambodia, Rhona Smith.

Welcoming Cambodia’s participation in a periodic human-rights review, as well as progress relating to the Khmer Rouge tribunal, Friday’s resolution noted the Kingdom’s efforts to resolve land disputes, reform its judiciary and promote decentralisation of power away from the national level.

However, it also expressed pointed concern at potential negatives associated with the recent Law on Associations and Non-Governmental Organisations (LANGO), calling on the government to “implement the law in a fair, transparent and democratic manner, including a review and, if necessary, a revision”.

Mention of the law, which has been a source of ongoing tension between the Cambodian government and UN agencies, was met with hostility by Cambodia’s delegation in Geneva. In its formal statement on the resolution, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs claimed that the clause “blatantly goes against the good will of the government of Cambodia in enacting the Law on Association and NGOs”.

Although not objecting to the passing of the resolution, the ministry maintained that “the ultimate goal of the law is to create a conducive medium for better transparency, cooperation and freedom of civil societies and NGOs”.

Rainsy to ‘rearrange’ Kingdom

Rainsy to ‘rearrange’ Kingdom
Mon, 5 October 2015 ppp
Meas Sokchea
Cambodia National Rescue Party president Sam Rainsy participates in a Pchum Ben ceremony commemorating those killed in a 1997 grenade attack on an opposition rally. PHOTO SUPPLIED

Opposition leader Sam Rainsy held a Pchum Ben ceremony yesterday for the spirits of those killed in the still-unsolved 1997 grenade attack on an opposition rally, promising attendees that should his party win in 2018, he would “rearrange” the country’s government to ensure institutions’ independence.

Though the message was consistent with frequent Cambodia National Rescue Party promises to ensure an independent government, it seemingly clashed with remarks delivered by Rainsy just the day before in which he reassured Cambodia’s civil servants that their jobs were safe in the event of a CNRP victory in 2018.

An ultimately stymied investigation into the grenade attack by the US Federal Bureau of Investigation pointed to government involvement in the attack, which killed 16 and left more than 100 wounded. The Cambodian government’s investigation technically remains open, but no perpetrators were ever brought to justice – a fact Rainsy yesterday blamed on a judiciary beholden to the rich and powerful.

“Who can make a way for the court to work independently and effectively?” Rainsy asked.

“Only the Cambodia National Rescue Party has a possible opportunity soon at the upcoming [election] to rearrange the country, especially in the judicial sector, to have independent courts to give justice to all victims,” he added.